Samuel Hahnemann

He created the basic principles of homeopathy. The word homeopathy comes from the Greek hómoios- ὅμοιος- "like-" + páthos πάθος "suffering".

Hippocrates of Kos

Hippocrates (Kos 460 BC - Larissa 377 BC) was an ancient Greek physician and is referred to as the father of Western medicine in recognition of his lasting contributions to the field as the founder of the Hippocratic School of Medicine. Hippocrates is credited with being the first person to believe that diseases were caused naturally, not because of superstition and gods. He separated the discipline of medicine from religion, believing and arguing that disease was not a punishment inflicted by the gods but rather the product of environmental factors, diet, and living habits.



Hippocrates of Kos

Hippocrates is not only the father of Western medicine, but also a philosopher and a humanist.

Samuel Hahnemann

Christian Friedrich Samuel Hahnemann (10 April 1755 – 2 July 1843) was a German physician, best known for creating the system of alternative medicine called homeopathy.
His research led him to the principle of homeopathy, similia similibus curentur ("like cures like"), according to which a substance that causes the symptoms of a disease in healthy people will cure that disease in sick people.
He first published an article about the homeopathic approach in a German-language medical journal in 1796.


Male infertility and Homeopathic Medicine

Male infertility is rapidly increasing, particularly in the Western world. It is estimated that in 40-50% of infertile couples, the problem lies with the man and, specifically, with sperm quantity and quality. (1) (2) (3)

Endocrine disorders leading to low testosterone levels (hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism) only affect a very low percentage of subfertile men and require specialised hormonal treatment. (4) However, bearing in mind that as long as there is no permanent damage to the sperm-producing organs, due to older injury or inflammation, the quality and quantity of sperm will tend to reflect the general state of health of the man to a great extent, it becomes apparent how important health-affecting factors are for male subfertility. (4) Smoking, alcohol intake, pharmaceutical drugs (particularly steroids), excessive physical fatigue, lack of sleep, decreased intake of vitamins and trace minerals (especially vitamin C and zinc) owing to poor dietary habits, exposure to radiation and toxic substances, frequent contact with sources of thermal energy; these are only some of the many non-anatomical factors that may affect the qualitative and quantitative sufficiency of sperm. (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)

Non-specific idiopathic sperm disorders, in other words, those that cannot be attributed to some specific anatomical or endocrinological factor, are the most common ones. (10) These are disorders affecting the quantity (oligospermia), the motility (asthenospermia) or the morphology (teratospermia) of the sperm, or they can be a combination thereof. The condition that is the most difficult to treat is azoospermia, which is defined as a total lack of sperm cells from the seminal fluid, and may be obstructive or non-obstructive. Non-obstructive azoospermia signifies testicular insufficiency and may in turn be idiopathic or due to inflammation, injury, crypsorchy, radiation or other external factors.

Unfortunately, non-specific disorders of spermatogenesis (idiopathic, oligo-astheno-terato-spermia) have an increasing effect on the Western world, resulting in an increase of subfertile couples. Most therapeutic interventions targeting these disorders are empirical and produce poor results. In recent years, however, promising results have appeared in the homeopathic bibliography concerning this issue. As Homeopathy has a natural strengthening effect upon the whole human organism, the upgrading of the neuroendocrino-immunological "profile" that is achieved by the homeopathic treatment, seems to have a positive effect on spermatogenesis in cases of idiopathic disorders of sperm production.

The first positive reports that appeared were about isolated cases; later, the first complete positive studies appeared in the press. These positive results led to the development of protocols for clinical research, such as the one undertaken at the "Helena Venizelos" Hospital in Athens, concerning the therapeutic effect of Homeopathy on subfertile couples. This research study was carried out with the collaboration of the International Academy of Classical Homeopathy. Even though it was designed to prove the efficacy of Classical Homeopathy on female infertility, and indeed it succeeded, in the case of many participating couples treatment was also successfully given to men suffering from idiopathic sperm disorders.

Clinical experience has shown that homeopathic treatment is most effective in cases of idiopathic oligo-asthenospermia. (12) In these cases, an increase in sperm motility is noticed as early as in the first month of treatment, while a significant increase in the number of sperm cells is seen during the third month of treatment. There are many cases of men whose sperm became fertile during the first year of treatment, and it is interesting to note that for many of these men the positive effect was maintained for a long time, resulting in a subsequent fertilisation. In these cases, the positive effect of Homeopathy is often observed indirectly from the very beginning, even before the first semen analysis, as patients report an increase in vitality, better sleep and less stress. At this point it must be noted that an analysis of these cases reveals a significant statistical association between oligo-asthenospermia and emotions of timidity, insufficiency, yielding and lack of assertiveness. The explanation for this association must lay centrally in the effect of decreased androgen levels on male personality or, conversely, in the effect of constant exogenous “castrating” conditions, such as submissiveness and mandatory repression of anger in the work environment, low self-esteem, as well as the stress of not being able to fulfill the “male duty” of supporting the family. Such conditions may have long-term effects on androgen levels. More research on this subject is necessary.



(1) Krausz C. Male infertility: pathogenesis and clinical diagnosis. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Apr;25(2):271-85.

(2) Ammar T, Sidhu PS, Wilkins CJ. Male infertility: the role of imaging in diagnosis and management. Br J Radiol. 2012 Jul 4.

(3) Irvine DS. Epidemiology and aetiology of male infertility. Hum Reprod. 1998 Apr;13 Suppl 1:33-44.

(4) G. Forti, C. Krausz. Clinical review 100: evaluation and treatment of the infertile couple. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 83 (1998), pp. 4177–4188.

(5) Khan RU, Zia-Ur-Rahman, Javed I, Muhammad F. Effects of vitamins, probiotics, and protein level on semen traits and some seminal plasma macro- and microminerals of male broiler breeders after zinc-induced molting. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2012 Jul;148(1):44-52.

(6) Young SS, Eskenazi B, Marchetti FM, Block G, Wyrobek AJ. The association of folate, zinc and antioxidant intake with sperm aneuploidy in healthy non-smoking men. Hum Reprod. 2008 May;23(5):1014-22.

(7) Virtanen HE, Sadov S, Toppari J. Prenatal exposure to smoking and male reproductive health. Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes. 2012 Jun;19(3):228-32.

(8) Lavranos G, Balla M, Tzortzopoulou A, Syriou K, Angelopoulou R. Investigating ROS sources in male infertility: A common end for numerous pathways. Reprod Toxicol. 2012 Jun 28.

(9) Hammoud AO, Carrell DT, Gibson M, Peterson CM, Meikle AW. Updates on the relation of weight excess and reproductive function in men: sleep apnea as a new area of interest. Asian J Androl. 2012 Jan;14(1):77-81.

(10) Willott GM. Frequency of azoospermia. Forensic Sci Int. 1982 Jul-Aug;20(1):9-10.

(11) Jarow JP, Espeland MA, Lipshultz LI. Evaluation of the azoospermic patient. J Urol. 1989 Jul;142(1):62-5.

(12) Gerhard I, Wallis E. Individualized homeopathic therapy for male infertility. Homeopathy 2002 Jul;91(3):133-44.



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