Samuel Hahnemann

He created the basic principles of homeopathy. The word homeopathy comes from the Greek hómoios- ὅμοιος- "like-" + páthos πάθος "suffering".

Hippocrates of Kos

Hippocrates (Kos 460 BC - Larissa 377 BC) was an ancient Greek physician and is referred to as the father of Western medicine in recognition of his lasting contributions to the field as the founder of the Hippocratic School of Medicine. Hippocrates is credited with being the first person to believe that diseases were caused naturally, not because of superstition and gods. He separated the discipline of medicine from religion, believing and arguing that disease was not a punishment inflicted by the gods but rather the product of environmental factors, diet, and living habits.



Hippocrates of Kos

Hippocrates is not only the father of Western medicine, but also a philosopher and a humanist.

Samuel Hahnemann

Christian Friedrich Samuel Hahnemann (10 April 1755 – 2 July 1843) was a German physician, best known for creating the system of alternative medicine called homeopathy.
His research led him to the principle of homeopathy, similia similibus curentur ("like cures like"), according to which a substance that causes the symptoms of a disease in healthy people will cure that disease in sick people.
He first published an article about the homeopathic approach in a German-language medical journal in 1796.


Coping with menopause with the help of Homeopathic Medicine

The mere mention of the word "menopause" makes most women feel the unrelenting passage of time, knocking on their door. Menopause in a woman's life is traditionally equated to the end of her youth. But is it really so? Can the hormonal and other changes that undoubtedly occur at that time, stifle the productivity and creativity that a youth-filled spirit may possess at any age? Knowledge and the appropriate handling of the woman's symptoms are what make the difference.

Menopause is a natural time in the life of every woman, when the flow of menstrual blood ceases because of ovarian insufficiency; it signals the end of the woman's reproductive years but under no circumstances should it be experienced as a disease. The woman is said to be menopausal if she has been free of menstruation for one year. The years prior to menopause ("premenopause") are characterised by increasing irregularities in what had previously been a regular and well-regulated ovulation cycle; the years that follow menopause ("postmenopause") are also characterised by transitional symptoms (11) ; together, premenopause, menopause and postmenopause are known as the climacteric. Statistically, the climacteric usually begins between 45 and 55 years of age, with approximately fifty percent of women experiencing menopause at age 50.

As far as specific symptoms go, the decrease in oestrogens throughout the climacteric, but especially during and after menopause, cause manifestations of varying intensity: the vasomotor disturbances primarily experienced as hot flashes during the night as well as night sweats and tachycardia are very common symptoms, seen in more than 70% of women. There are also changes to the skin, with the decrease in collagen causing dryness and loss of elasticity. Often there is vaginal atrophy, dryness and dyspareunia (painful intercourse) and these obviously affect the woman's quality of life. An increase in urinary infections is also common. The lack of oestrogens also negatively affects bone density (6)(7)(8) causing osteoporosis and upsetting the ratio of "bad" to "good" cholesterol in favour of the former (9)(10) ; this in turn can lead to elevated risks of cardiovascular disease.

Understandably, all these new symptoms together with the drop in oestrogen levels affect the woman's emotional state to a significant extent. Psychological symptoms may range from mere discomfort to excessive anxiety or even depression but they vary significantly from person to person and depend on a host of other factors. (1)(2)(3)(4) A pre-existing healthy emotional balance, the presence of healthy and supportive social relationships in the woman's environment, the existence of creative outlets and especially the reinforcement of her femininity are of the utmost importance.

At this point we realise that the menopausal woman is a prime example of a person in need of a "holistic therapeutic approach". Homeopathic Medicine renders service to hundreds of thousands of women every day, who turn to this acclaimed holistic therapeutic system during this delicate time in their lives.

It is well known that Homeopathic Medicine treats patients on a personalised basis. Patients who have been given the same medical diagnosis are prescribed different homeopathic remedies according to the specifics of their symptoms and the total profile of their idiosyncrasy. Questions that trace the predispositions, the heredity, the behaviour of the immune system, the nervous system and the endocrine system are all essential for the practice of Homeopathy, if they are to lead to accurate clues as to the similimum: the one and only corresponding remedy capable of achieving the maximal possible prevention, healing and restoration of the patient's homeostasis.

The hormonal and other changes experienced by the menopausal woman often necessitate a modification of the prescribed treatment by the homeopath, as many characteristic symptoms that determine the similimum change with time. If these changes also affect the psychology then the prescribed remedy will primarily have to address the emotional and mental symptoms. There is a law in the unchanging rulebook of Homeopathic Medicine, known as Hering's Law, that states: "The correct treatment in any organism must proceed from the inside out". What this means is that the regulation of mental and emotional aberrations takes higher priority over that of physical aberrations, and is crucial to the balancing of physical symptoms and the overall homeostasis of the organism. If the lack of oestrogen has affected the neurohormonal profile of the woman to such an extent that some personality traits have been altered, strengthened or modified, in effect turning into "symptoms", it is clear that a comprehensive, holistic treatment method must address these before anything else. Thus, a different homeopathic treatment will be prescribed to a woman experiencing frequent hot flashes with night sweats and palpitations, from the one that will be prescribed to a woman whose hot flashes are accompanied by deep feelings of sadness, frustration and defeat. If, on the other hand, the same physical symptoms are accompanied by unprecedented irritation, jealousy, indignation and fits of rage, all new to the woman's personality, then the homeopathic treatment will have to address this new symptomatology.

In the clinical practice of Homeopathy we often we see that unresolved emotional issues and conflicts that had not found expression in the past, tend to become serious emotional issues during the menopause. (1)(2)(3)(4)(5) A woman who has felt insecure most of her life may become unbearably insecure to a pathological degree, as her insecurity is now fed by the feeling that her femininity is being threatened. A different woman, who had always suffered from intense premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms but would feel better as soon as menstruation started, may now find herself in a permanent PMS-like state with constant, unjustifiable irritation. In these and other similar cases, prescribing the homeopathic remedy that suits the woman's idiosyncrasy will contribute immeasurable to the balancing of her neurohormonal system, and consequently to the healing of physical and psycho-mental symptoms. Clinical practice has also shown that women who had turned to Homeopathy in the past - prior to menopause - to address other medical issues, experience the physical symptoms of menopause in a milder and more comfortable way, since a good emotional balance is already in place. In such cases where there is only physical discomfort (hot flashes, night sweats, palpitations, skin and vaginal dryness) homeopathic remedies can easily provide relief, without the woman having to resort to hormonal replacement treatments. This is just one of the many reasons why hundreds of thousands of women around the world feel justified in having trusted their health prevention with Classical Homeopathic Medicine.


(1) Freeman EW, Sammel MD, Liu L, Gracia CR, Nelson DB, Hollander L. Hormones and menopausal status as predictors of depression in women in transition to menopause. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2004 Jan;61(1):62-70.

(2) Freeman EW. Menopause. Associations of depression with the transition to menopause. 2010 Jul;17(4):823-7.

(3) Freeman EW, Sammel MD, Boorman DW, Zhang R. JAMA Psychiatry. Longitudinal pattern of depressive symptoms around natural menopause. 2014 Jan 1;71(1):36-43.

(4) Cohen LS, Soares CN, Vitonis AF, Otto MW, Harlow BL. Risk for new onset of depression during the menopausal transition: the Harvard study of moods and cycles. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2006 Apr;63(4):385-90.

(5) Sassoon SA, de Zambotti M, Colrain IM, Baker FC. Association between personality traits and DSM-IV diagnosis of insomnia in peri- and postmenopausal women. Menopause. 2014 Jan 20.

(6) Kassem M. Cellular and molecular effects of growth hormone and estrogen on human bone cells. APMIS Suppl. 1997;71:1-30.

(7) Brennan MA, Haugh MG, O'Brien FJ, McNamara LM. Estrogen withdrawal from osteoblasts and osteocytes causes increased mineralization and apoptosis. Horm Metab Res. 2014 Jan 20.

(8) [No authors listed] Management of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women: 2010 position statement of The North American Menopause Society. Menopause. 2010 Jan-Feb;17(1):25-54; quiz 55-6.

(9) Reddy Kilim S, Chandala SR. A comparative study of lipid profile and oestradiol in pre- and post-menopausal women. J Clin Diagn Res. 2013 Aug;7(8):1596-8.

(10) Worsley R, Bell R, Kulkarni J, Davis SR. The association between vasomotor symptoms and depression during perimenopause: A systematic review. Maturitas. 2014 Feb;77(2):111-7.

(11) Burger HG, Hale GE, Dennerstein L, Robertson DM. Cycle and hormone changes during perimenopause: the key role of ovarian function. Menopause. 2008 Jul-Aug;15(4 Pt 1):603-12.

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